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Applied Behavior Analysis

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a research based, scientific method that began with the work of B.F. Skinner. The science measures observable behavior. It looks at what occurs before a behavior (antecedent) and what happens after a behavior (consequence). In addition, the methods of ABA are applied by breaking down skills into simple steps and teaching each step in succession. Skills are taught with the use of prompting to assist learning. A correct response is followed by positive reinforcement which increases the likelihood that a behavior or response will occur more often in the future.


Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the study of the functional relationship between one’s behaviors and their environment. Data is collected on the stimuli that elicits, increases, decreases, or maintains the child’s behavior. The data is analyzed and a treatment plan or an individualized ABA program is implemented. As the child’s treatment progresses, data is collected and analyzed again to determine treatment effectiveness. The goal of a behavior analyst is to utilize behavioral contingencies to help the child learn more functional skills that can replace undesirable behaviors and improve quality of life. Reach Educational Services LLC seeks to produce significant results enabling the child to adapt to their environment thus preparing them for a brighter future.


ABA based intervention is validated for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), but is also applicable to children with other developmental disabilities. It is a set of principles and guidelines upon which educational programs are based and should not be used synonymously with a specific program. An ABA program targets specific developmental areas such as:


  • Attending skills

  • Imitative skills

  • Fine motor and gross motor skills

  • Language skills

  • Conversation skills

  • Functional play

  • Functional skills/self-help skills

  • Social skills

  • Theory of Mind/Social Cognition

  • Toileting skills

  • Problem behaviors


Other names encountered within the field of ABA are: Verbal Behavior (VB), Discrete Trial Teaching (DTT), Natural Environment Teaching (NET), Pivotal Response Teaching (PRT) and Fluency-based instruction. Each uses a specific method of instruction and are all are based on the principles of ABA.

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